Review of the French Defense Budget 2022

On September 22nd France revealed its defense budget which will pour billions of euros into critical technologies and new equipment for FY 22. The French will take a similar approach as other nations are focusing on a battlefield that will be dominated by advanced platforms, cyber defense and space-based platforms.

By Scott Morgan, Exclusively for Vanguard Global & Defence Unlimited

When the concept of next-gen tech or upgrading platforms appear in analysis regarding national defense budgets more often than not thoughts turn towards what is being proposed by the United States or the People’s Republic of China. Russia often appears in the conversation as well.


On September 22nd France revealed its defense budget which will pour billions of euros into critical technologies and new equipment for FY 22. The French will take a similar approach as other nations are focusing on a battlefield that will be dominated by advanced platforms, cyber defense and space-based platforms.


The total budget appears to allocate 40.9 billion euros (47.9 billion USD) which continues the effort to increase defense funding by 1.7 billion euros year over year since 2019. The total for FY 22 marks a total increase of a 9 billion euro increase over the amount that was approved in the 2017 budget. Over the last five years there has been a total of 26 billion euros spent on defense spending The size of the French Ministry of Defense is expected to total 273,000 personnel in 2022. Those numbers are broken down into 208,000 active duty personnel and 65,000 civilians in support.


Some of the key areas where funds are being allocated are quite interesting. It is estimated that 1 billion euros will be disbursed by the Defence Innovation Agency to tackle new emerging priorities such as quantum technologies, artificial intelligence systems and directed energy weapons. Some of the funds will be allocated for two major development programs:


The FCAS (Future Combat Air System) is a joint project with Germany and Spain which will see several billion euros in investment until 2027 which includes a new fighter powered by a new engine, unmanned aerial systems that will be deployed alongside it, new sensors ,stealth technology and combat cloud technology.. This program will have 287 million euros allocated for it this year.


Additionally 23 Million euros will be spent in the counter-drone arena.


The MGCS (Main Ground Combat System) is a next generation armor platform which is also a joint project with Germany and has 58 million euros earmarked for it to fund studies.


The Air and Space force will receive a number of anti-drone jammer guns and an experimental laser counter-UAS will be mounted aboard a warship sometime in 2022. Earlier this year such a weapon was successfully tested in Biscarrosse. These are some of the programs that will be funded under the 646 million euros that are planned for Space Defense.


Some of the deliveries for the French Army include:


200 medium range missiles

396 armored vehicles including Griffons, Jaguars and Servals

50 upgraded Leclerc tanks that will extend their service time until the MGCS comes online by 2035

12,000 HK416 assault rifles

Eight NH90 Army-variant multi-role helicopters

2075 radios


The Navy expects

Four upgraded ATL2 patrol aircraft

The first air defense variant of France’s FREMM multimission Frigate Alsace (D656)

A second Barracuda-class nuclear attack submarine Dougay-Trouin

The first of four planned BRF dual-hulled replenishment tankers


Deliveries for the Air and Space Force include


Three A330 Multi Role Tankers

Two A400M military transports

Two upgraded Mirage 2000D Fighters


There are multiple satellite launches planned for 2022 including the launch of the first CERES signals intelligence system. This will be the first deployment out of a planned three. A new Syracuse IV Satellite will be launched to provide greater connectivity to all domains and will be considered an upgrade to the current Syracuse III system. A French spokesman said that they needed bandwidth.


2.4 billion euros will be spent on constructing the French Space Command HQ and the NATO military space center of excellence both of which will be located in Toulouse.


12.6 billion euros will be spent on salaries and 4.6 billion euros will also be spent on day to day operations and utilities as well.


The numbers are showing that France is taking its security seriously.



 

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